9.1.1 LGBT / Queer Film Festivals

As identity-based festivals, queer film festivals have a specific relationship to the audience to which they cater. More specifically, most of these festivals have had a strong connection to the political and social movement behind the lesbian and gay/queer agenda and try to maintain this relationship between cultural event and political framework (Jusick 2004; Stryker 1996; Ommert/Loist 2008). Because of this history, queer film festivals have a strong tradition of a nuanced critical inquiry into the interconnections of cultural event management, community politics, nation state politics, funding and marketing strategies, and organizational structures (cf. Rhyne 2007; Zielinski 2008).

Resulting from this is a cluster of pieces that deal with the relationship between film festivals and communities, focusing on the mutual formative processes between the two actors (festival and community/audience) (Gamson 1996; Rich 1993, 1999), and constantly updating the question of necessity (Schulman 1994). A strongly connected issue is the one of representation of the group/subculture in the films of the so-called (New) Queer Cinema and at the LGBT/queer film festivals (Rich 1993, 1999; Hohenberger/Jurschik 1994; Stryker 1996; Siegel 1998; Woitschig 2001; Loist 2008).

As a field that has been under more scrutiny than most other specialized festivals there has also been the attempt to show the dialog between the numerous actors at play in a festival. The three-part installment of a GLQ forum on Queer Film and Video Festivals approached the current queer festival landscape from the side of curators, critics/scholars, and filmmakers (Straayer/Waugh 2005, 2006, 2008).

A neglected field in the general film festival discussion (except for the attempt by Stringer 2008), the concept of the (counter) public sphere has been discussed in much detail in relation to LGBT film festivals (Rich 1993; KIM S. 1998; dossier ed. by Patricia White 1999; KIM S. 2003; Perspex 2006; Gorfinkel 2006; KIM J. 2007; Ommert/Loist 2008). As an extension of this discussion, special aspects such as the spatial elements of queer film festivals have been scrutinized (Brooke 1998, Zielinski 2008).

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Bachman, Jarrett R., Feng Feng, and John S. Hull. 2022. “Resident Impacts for Queer Film Festivals: Assessing Benefits and Loyalty in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.” Event Management 26 (1): 107–26. https://doi.org/10.3727/152599521X16192004803647.

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Bao, Hongwei. 2017. “Queer as Catachresis: The Beijing Queer Film Festival in Cultural Translation.” In Chinese Film Festivals: Sites of Translation, edited by Chris Berry and Luke Robinson, 79–100. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

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Bao, Hongwei. 2020. “’Communist International of Queer Films’: The Radical Culture of the Beijing Queer Film Festival.” In Contemporary Radical Film Culture: Networks, Organisations and Activists, edited by Steve Presence, Mike Wayne, and Jack Newsinger, 190–202. London, New York: Routledge.

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Chadha, Siddharth. 2021. Curating Precarity: Swedish Queer Film Festivals as Micro-Activism. Uppsala Studies in Media and Communication 16. Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis.

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Clarke, Eric O. 1999. “Queer Publicity at the Limits of Inclusion.” [Queer Publicity: A Dossier on Lesbian and Gay Film Festivals]. GLQ 5 (1): 84–89.

Crémieux, Anne. 2013. “Massimadi, festival des films LGBT de l’Afrique et de ses diasporas: Entretien d’Anne Crémieux avec l’équipe de Massimadi.” In “Homosexualités en Afrique.” edited by Anne Crémieux. Special issue, Africultures. (96): 146–55. [Massimadi, festival of LGBT films from Africa and its diasporas: Interview of Anne Crémieux with the Massimadi team].

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Da Silva, Marcos Aurélio. 2012. “Territórios Do Desejo: Performance, Territoralidade E Cinema No Festival Mix Brasil Da Diversidade Sexual.” Doktorarbeit, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Antropologia Social, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Accessed September 18, 2022. https://bit.ly/392tACa.

Da Silva, Marcos Aurélio. 2013. “A Cidade De São Paulo E Os Territórios Do Desejo: Uma Etnografia Do Festival Mix Brasil De Cinema E Vídeo Da Diversidade Sexual.” [The City of São Paulo and the Territories of Desire: An Ethnography of the Mix Brazil Sexual Diversity Film and Video Festival]. Revista Eco Pós 16 (3): 19-43. https://doi.org/10.29146/eco-pos.v16i3.830.

Da Silva, Marcos Aurélio. 2015. “Cinema, Antropologia E a Construção De Mundos Possíveis: O Caso Dos Festivais De Cinema Da Diversidade Sexual.” [Cinema, Anthropology and the Construction of Possible Worlds: The Case of Sexual Diversity Film Festivals]. ACENO 2 (3): 17–40. https://doi.org/10.48074/aceno.v2i3.2538.

Da Silva, Marcos Aurélio. 2015. “Da Performance À Performatividade: Possíveis Diálogos Com Judith Butler Na Antropologia De Um Festival De Cinema.” [From Performance to Performativity: Possible Dialogues with Judith Butler in the Anthropology of a Film Festival]. Periódicus 1 (3): 64–84. https://doi.org/10.9771/peri.v1i3.14256.

Da Silva, Marcos Aurélio. 2016. “O Corpo No Cinema, Da Tela À Plateia: O Caso Dos Festivais De Filmes Da Diversidade Sexual E De Gênero.” [The Body in Cinema, from Screen to Audience: The Case of Sexual and Gender Diversity Film Festivals]. Revista Ñanduty 4 (5): 226–57. https://ojs.ufgd.edu.br/index.php/nanduty/article/view/5763. Accessed November 20, 2022.

Damiens, Antoine. 2015. “Queer Cannes: On the Development of LGBTQ Awards at a-List Festivals.” A Festival Report. Synoptique 3 (2): 93–100. https://synoptiqueblog.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/7-antoine-damiens-queer-cannes-on-the-development-of-lgbtq-awards-at-a-list-festivals.pdf. Accessed April 07, 2020.

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Dasgupta, Rohit K., and Kaustav Bakshi. 2023. “Queer Creative Indian City: Queer Film Festivals, Precarious Cultural Work and Community Making in Kolkata.” Cultural Trends 32 (4): 348–65. https://doi.org/10.1080/09548963.2023.2212607.

Dawson, Leanne. 2020. “Culture in Crisis: A Guide to Access, Equality, Diversity and Inclusion in Festivals, Arts and Culture.” MAI: Feminism & Visual Culture. https://maifeminism.com/culture-in-crisis-a-guide-to-inclusion/. Accessed October 27, 2020.

Dawson, Leanne, and Skadi Loist. 2018. “Queer/ing Film Festivals: History, Theory, Impact.” Studies in European Cinema 15 (1): 1–24. https://doi.org/10.1080/17411548.2018.1442901.

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(Last updated: 21. April 2024)